Keith Kelly looks at examples of the language of comparison from the area of geography, covering grammatical patterns and structures, useful verbal phrases and specific prefixes.
To download the accompanying lesson plan, please click on the link to the right of the screen.
Comparatives and superlatives
- Brazil’s population in the diagram shows a narrow peak. This indicates that a smaller number of people live long lives than in Germany.
- Which country has the highest life expectancy?
- The world’s population grew faster than ever before from 1750 onwards.
Equality and inequality
the more …: The more developed a country’s economy, the greater is the percentage employed in services.
less: Younger people cost less to employ and are less likely to know their rights.
as … as: The ability of smaller glaciers to erode tributary valleys was not as great as large glaciers.
Phrases for comparing or contrasting two items
differ from / different from: Rocks can differ from each other in terms of colour, hardness, density and how they feel to the touch.
vary greatly between … and …: Growth rates vary greatly between poor, less industrially developed countries and rich industrially developed countries.
similar to: Fjords have very steep parallel sides along their edges which are similar to those in glaciated valleys on dry land.
Verbs which describe greater or lesser degrees
improve (decline): As educational standards improve, family size tends to fall.
increase (reduce): The narrow flood plain of a mature river valley increases in width as the river approaches its old age stage.
Compound words to form adjectives for describing shape
-like: needle-like, brush-like
-shaped: pyramid-shaped, U-shaped, V-shaped, bowl-shaped, horseshoe-shaped
over- (under-): The balance of gases in the atmosphere allowed most of the heat to escape into space so that the earth’s atmosphere did not overheat.
on the other hand: Evergreen trees don’t need much water. Deciduous trees, on the other hand, need lots of moisture in the growing season.
whereas: Most city attractions are man-made whereas in the rural areas attractions tend to be natural.
while: Some ocean floors have been raised above sea level while others remain as part of the seabed.
however: The Australian outback has a very small population. As you get close to the coast, however, the population density is much higher.
nevertheless: The expansion of the industrial park has created new jobs for the community. Nevertheless, some parts of the new town still suffer from high rates of unemployment.
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Comparisons: Geography: Lesson planPDF, Size 0.88 mb
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