Keith Kelly looks at examples of language used in making conclusions and findings from the area of geography, categorized by nouns, verbs, word groups and prepositions.

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result The result of this phenomenon is rapid population growth.
findings Support your findings using evidence from the article.
outcome New technology has improved the ability of the experts to predict the outcome of their experiment.
summary Write a brief summary of weather conditions in the places labelled A, B and C on the satellite photograph.
data Study the data shown on the map and state whether each of the following statements is true or false.
survey An EU survey showed that less than 50% of Irish people believe that women are just as capable as men of working as bus drivers, surgeons or members of parliament.
evidence Identify the level of development of Saudi Arabia and justify your conclusions using evidence from the statistics.
facts The explorers mentioned some interesting facts about the plants in that region.
statement Use evidence from the photograph to support each statement.
arguments Study the following statements and then give reasons for or against the researchers’ arguments.


record The wind speed was recorded using an anemometer.
see We can see in the photograph that many great polders have been created around Lake Ijssel.
report Report your findings to the class.
justify You should justify your answer with evidence from the statistics.
provide Study the data on this map and state whether the conclusions provided are true or false.
conclude The doctors concluded that the measles outbreak was over.
comment Comment on the pattern settlement in the area.
discuss Discuss the various views expressed.
explain Explain your findings with reference to the statistics.
draw What conclusions can you draw from the political situation in the country?
confirm / contradict Does the new information confirm or contradict the preliminary findings?
means This means that limestone dissolves in water.
shows This shows that the greenhouse effect is increasing and the Earth is becoming warmer.

Word groups

Conclusions and findings can be disputed, interpreted or challenged, e.g.:
Researchers disputed the conclusions, arguing that the data were not strong enough.

Conclusions and findings can be announced, presented, published or described (in charts/graphs), e.g.:
To forecast the weather, meteorologists observe, measure and record it at numerous places at a particular time and present this data on a weather chart.

A conclusion can be arrived at, come to or reached, e.g.:
Show how you used the evidence from the map to reach your conclusion.

Conclusions and findings can be logical, reasonable, valid or preliminary, and they can be substantiated by data, e.g.:
The government conclusions were substantiated by recent research data.

Please refer to Line graphs: Geography for more language in this area.


about Research findings about migration suggest that governments can influence migration through policy.
for The findings for one group can be applied to the others.
from The conclusions that can be drawn from this evidence are quite clear.
on Findings on the depopulation of the countryside show an ever-worsening situation.
in In conclusion, I would like to thank you all for your hard work.


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