Number one for English language teachers

Roots: Geography

Keith Kelly provides a comprehensive lesson plan with both a language and content focus accompanied by an alphabetical list of root words used to form words commonly used in geography.

To download the accompanying lesson plan, please click on the link to the right of the screen.

The terms in the table are listed alphabetically for ease of reference but it’s a good idea to encourage learners to create their own connections and groupings related to content as well as form.

root wordmeaningexample
agri-fieldAgriculture is hampered by rocky mountainous land and by droughts in the summer months.
anti-againstAnticyclones tend roughly to be oval in shape.
Anti-trade winds are warm because they blow from lower latitudes.
archae-primitiveArchaeologists use aerial photographs to identify ancient settlements not visible at ground level.
auto-selfThe factory has become so heavily automated that it now employs only 50 workers.
bio-lifeBiomassis a renewable energy source from material from living, or recently living organisms.
-cidekillingDevelopments in fertilizers and pesticides help to produce heavier and healthier crops.
Inputs of farms include artificial fertilizers and chemical herbicides and insecticides.
contra-againstPlaces with different population structures show contrasting population pyramids.
Does the information given tend to confirm or contradict this statement?
eco-dwellingRich nations form economic trading blocks so they are able to dominate world trade.
en-inMudslides and debris from flash floods entombed the houses at the foot of the valley.
epi-aboveThe earthquake is normally strongest at the epicentre which is the surface area directly above the focus.
extra-beyondFibre-optic telephone lines provide extra-rapid internet services to the factory.
geo-the earthStudy your atlas and the geological map of North America to complete the activity.
-graph, -graphicwriteAerial photographs provide useful and interesting geographical information.
The Demographic Transition Model suggests that world population growth will eventually alter.
herbi-plantHerbicides are used in farming for killing weeds.
hydro-waterAs part of a hydroelectric scheme, a dam was built across the river valley.
inter-betweenInternational trade in coffee illustrates the exploitation of poor countries today.
Soil is produced by the interaction of factors including weathering, erosion, climate, vegetation and people.
iso-the sameWidely-spaced isobars indicate light winds or calm conditions.
-itisinflammationDeaths from diseases like gastroenteritis have declined with improvements in public health.
-log, -logystudyMeteorologists observe, measure, record and chart the weather in order to produce weather forecasts.
Modern technology has enabled modern fishing fleets to catch far too many fish.
mega-largeCalcutta is alone among Asian megacities with a minus net migration figure.
meta-afterExisting rocks can be changed into hard, metamorphic rocks such as marble.
micro-smallMicro-organisms help to break down plant litter to form humus.
-morphform, shapeMetamorphic rocks can be formed in a number of ways including tectonic processes.
opt-sightSuperior, fibre-optic telephone lines provide extra-rapid internet services to the factory.
ped-foot, legTraffic management makes the area more attractive for pedestrians and cyclists.
peri-aroundMany peripheral regions are unspoilt scenic areas.
photo-lightDoes this photograph suggest a high or low birth rate?
pro-forwardPromontory forts were built on hilltops or knolls for greater protection.
Spits are sections of coastal land which protrude out from the shore.
quad-fourThe world’s population quadrupled in the twentieth century.
stat-stabilityThe population grew slowly, became static and is now beginning to decline.
Aid programmes focus on health, education, the environment, human rights and the status of women.
sub-underThe British government gave subsidies to the steel industry in order to fight rising unemployment in the Midlands.
The suburbs of Paris have grown steadily larger as residents left the high-rent city centre.
super-aboveYou might be able to take part in a supervised field study of a local factory.
Some countries such as Spain have many supertrawlers in a huge fishing fleet.
syn-, sym-together withWeather maps are synoptic charts based on the weather information previously gathered.
Textiles, such as clothes, are made from cotton and synthetic materials.
Many features are shown on OS maps by means of symbols.
therm-heatElectricity demands led to large scale use of peat in thermal power stations in the Midlands.
tom-cutA tombolo is a narrow ridge of sand or shingle joining an offshore island to the mainland.
tox-poisonAcid rain leaches out toxic metals from the soil and damages the fine root-hairs through which a tree takes up nutrients.
trans-acrossTravel and transport was carried out mainly on waterways.
Cologne is an important transhipment point for cargo brought from Rotterdam.
tri-threeA catchment is the area drained by a river and its tributaries.
Deltas are triangular-shaped tracts of land which form at the mouths of rivers.
uni-oneAn air mass is a large body of air with uniform temperatures, pressure and humidity.

 

Scroll back to the top of the screen and click on the link on the right to download the Root words: Geography: Lesson plan.

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Readers' comments (1)

  • The prefix 'arch-' denotes 'chief' or 'principal'. 'Archae-' denotes 'old'or 'primitve'.

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