Number one for English language teachers

Conclusions and findings: Geography

Type: Word list

Keith Kelly looks at examples of language used in making conclusions and findings from the area of geography, categorized by nouns, verbs, word groups and prepositions.

To download the accompanying lesson plan, please click on the link to the right of the screen.


resultThe result of this phenomenon is rapid population growth.
findingsSupport your findings using evidence from the article.
outcomeNew technology has improved the ability of the experts to predict the outcome of their experiment.
summaryWrite a brief summary of weather conditions in the places labelled A, B and C on the satellite photograph.
dataStudy the data shown on the map and state whether each of the following statements is true or false.
surveyAn EU survey showed that less than 50% of Irish people believe that women are just as capable as men of working as bus drivers, surgeons or members of parliament.
evidenceIdentify the level of development of Saudi Arabia and justify your conclusions using evidence from the statistics.
factsThe explorers mentioned some interesting facts about the plants in that region.
statementUse evidence from the photograph to support each statement.
argumentsStudy the following statements and then give reasons for or against the researchers’ arguments.


recordThe wind speed was recorded using an anemometer.
seeWe can see in the photograph that many great polders have been created around Lake Ijssel.
reportReport your findings to the class.
justifyYou should justify your answer with evidence from the statistics.
provideStudy the data on this map and state whether the conclusions provided are true or false.
concludeThe doctors concluded that the measles outbreak was over.
commentComment on the pattern settlement in the area.
discussDiscuss the various views expressed.
explainExplain your findings with reference to the statistics.
drawWhat conclusions can you draw from the political situation in the country?
confirm / contradictDoes the new information confirm or contradict the preliminary findings?
meansThis means that limestone dissolves in water.
showsThis shows that the greenhouse effect is increasing and the Earth is becoming warmer.

Word groups

Conclusions and findings can be disputed, interpreted or challenged, e.g.:
Researchers disputed the conclusions, arguing that the data were not strong enough.

Conclusions and findings can be announced, presented, published or described (in charts/graphs), e.g.:
To forecast the weather, meteorologists observe, measure and record it at numerous places at a particular time and present this data on a weather chart.

A conclusion can be arrived at, come to or reached, e.g.:
Show how you used the evidence from the map to reach your conclusion.

Conclusions and findings can be logical, reasonable, valid or preliminary, and they can be substantiated by data, e.g.:
The government conclusions were substantiated by recent research data.

Please refer to Line graphs: Geography for more language in this area.


aboutResearch findings about migration suggest that governments can influence migration through policy.
forThe findings for one group can be applied to the others.
fromThe conclusions that can be drawn from this evidence are quite clear.
onFindings on the depopulation of the countryside show an ever-worsening situation.
inIn conclusion, I would like to thank you all for your hard work.

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