Stefka Kitanova

  • Article

    Pathology of vision: Blindness

    A lesson plan for students to listen to a text on classifying blindness and complete a chart with key facts. Using a diagram Braille alphabet and students practise communicating in Braille using card and pins/pens. They then engage in a structured class discussion on aspects of vision such as blindness, ...

  • Article

    Pathology of vision: Astigmatism and glaucoma

    This is a pairwork worksheet in which students reorder words within a description of astigmatism to make a coherent text then examine a diagram of an astigmatic eye and use modal verbs to make conjectures as to why sufferers experience blurred eyesight. In pairs students ask and answer questions to ...

  • Article


    In this lesson plan, students order different types of wave according to their length, then listen to their teacher give them key information on vibrations, electromagnetic radiation and the behaviour of waves. An interactive group quiz gets students to revise what they have heard about wavelengths and how the eye ...

  • Article

    How we see

    In this lesson plan, groups of students construct a pin-hole camera and conduct a classroom experiment in order to understand how images appear on the retina. They write their results and conclusions before completing a gap-fill with key vocabulary such as ‘reflect’, ‘cornea’ ‘lens’ and ‘vitreous’.

  • Article


    In this lesson plan, students reorder sentences that present the principles of colour vision. Includes key vocabulary such as ‘retina’, ‘receptors’, perceive’, ‘rods’, ‘sensitive’ and ‘pigments’. A writing exercise introduces the notion of colour blindness/Daltonism, getting students to engage with a scientific text by punctuating it. A full key is ...

  • Photo of someone dressed to do exercise or photo of healthy food (fruits and veggies).

    Diet and fitness: Energy and food

    This lesson plan introduces students to the energy contained within food and encourages them to reflect on individual eating habits. Students record what they ate yesterday in a chart and calculate (in kJ) the amount of energy in the food they eat. Teacher’s notes give tips and full guidance on ...

  • MARS165170

    Diet and fitness: Nutrition and keeping fit

    In this lesson plan, students examine a nutrition pyramid and speak in groups about their diet using speaking prompts. They listen to the teacher giving them information on diet and exercise, match the information with diagrams and complete a gap-fill on nutrition and fitness. A full teacher’s script is provided.

  • Article

    Serious diseases

    An engaging worksheet in which students match the names of serious diseases with their phonetic transcriptions and practise pronouncing them. In teams they play a listening game to guess the disease, followed by a fun ’question loop’ speaking activity. Teacher’s notes provide scripts, answer keys and question loop cards.

  • Article

    Diet and disease

    A lesson plan containing two worksheets for students working in pairs that include readings and error correction exercises on diabetes, rickets and influenza. An information-gap activity gets students to share information about the dangers of obesity and hypertension and what happens if we do not get enough Vitamin B1 and ...

  • Article

    The eye

    This lesson plan provides an introduction to the human eye and its component parts. A pronunciation exercise helps students practise the distinction between different ‘i’ sounds in: ‘ciliary’, ‘conjunctiva’, ‘iris’ and ‘retina’. In pairs students then ask and answer questions to complete their diagram of the eye. Useful phrases are ...

  • Article

    Pathology of vision: Everyday problems

    In this lesson plan, students first consider the process of refocusing the eye and why motion sickness happens. In pairs, students examine diagrams of myopia and hyperopia and describe what causes it. Key terms are provided in a Useful language box. A gap-fill text focuses on conjunctivitis and introduces terms ...

  • Article

    Review: Teaching Other Subjects Through English

    Is this book from Oxford University Press appropriate for a wide range of age groups and reading levels? Does it offer practical, applicable activities? Find out in Stefka Kitanova's assessment of the book.

  • HealthDisease

    Health and disease

    Investigate the science behind diet, fitness, leading a healthy lifestyle and the major diseases of the body.