Number one for English language teachers

Spelling: Beginnings and endings

Level: Pre-intermediate, Intermediate, Upper intermediate, Advanced Type: Extra

A fun and simple warmer that can be used to recycle vocabulary.

This is a simple warmer that can be used to recycle vocabulary. There are two basic versions: the spelling version and the sounds version.


  • Prepare a list of known words with each word written on a slip of paper.
  • Get the class to sit in a large circle. Start the warmer by choosing a student at random. Give them a word (for example, ‘elephant’) and ask them to repeat it.
  • The student next to them has to then find a word beginning with the last letter of the previous word. In this case an example might be ‘tiger’.
  • The next student then has to find a word beginning with ‘r’, and so on around the circle.
  • The game can be made more specific by focusing on a particular area of vocabulary such as animals, sports, countries and so on. It can also be played focusing on sounds rather than spelling. This is usually more difficult for the learners as it requires them to listen carefully and identify the final sound of each word.

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